•Description: The Xs R (retrievable) system is used with any size of casing that needs to be retrieved from the ground. The crown O.D. is only slightly bigger than the O.D. of the casing and is butt welded to reduce drag when pulling the casing. The Xs R system is used with standard size of hammer because the crown is smaller in dimensions; this system can be made under Xs S ou Xs T version.
Driver bit: The driver bit is the device that transfers impact and rotation to the crown bit for drilling. The driver bit locks into two or four flats on the casing crown and they act together as a standard drill bit, both the driver bit and the crown have tungsten carbide buttons. The Driver bit drills a pilot hole of 3" below the crown to guide the direction of the casing in rough drilling. Afterwards this pilot space below the crown allows the square bit to turn without touching the crown.
Crown bit: The crown bit is a two-piece unit permanently connected together. The upper part is butt-welded to the casing, and the lower part, which has Tungsten Carbide is free to rotate with the driver bit.
Square bit: The drill through bit is specially shaped to pass through the crown's flats, and to drill the sub-casing hole to a maximum hole diameter, enabling in most of the cases, the use of a larger diameter hammer than the competition.
•Impact zone: Direct energy from the hammer is transferred to the crown bit through four (4) recesses (Xs T version) or two (2) recesses plus a projection all around the periphery of the driver (Xs S version).
•Evacuation: Two (2) big air holes are drilled in the face of the bit (drilling end). Those holes are directly connected to two (2) large flushing air ways, placed at 160 degree between each other; these flushing grooves transfer the drill debris from the drilling end of the driver up to the hammer zone. To help keeping a good flow of debris, two (2) other smaller air holes in the flushing air ways, help give the cuttings some velocity.
This model also comes with a "rotational-crusher zone". That protective zone is placed at the end of the flushing air ways, just under the hammer spline drive. This zone (patent pending) is to improve the evacuation by preventing accumulation of rocks and gravel at a recess point. By turning the driver against a fix casing, the rock is crushed in smaller particles and then evacuated through the casing.
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